Ministry of Justice
The new Limitation Act came into force June 1, 2013. The act replaces and repeals the former Limitation Act, makes the law easier to understand, and brings B.C.’s law more in line with other provinces.
The Limitation Act outlines the set period of time that people have to start a proceeding to sue someone in the civil justice system. While many other laws set limitation periods, the Limitation Act sets the default regime, which means that unless another law sets the applicable limitation period, the Limitation Act applies.
The new act is the result of extensive research and consultation, which began in 2007. The ministry received feedback from the public, consumer groups, and business, legal and health care representatives. The consultation led to the White Paper on Limitation Act Reform.
The Limitation Act was reformed for a number of reasons, including:
- It had not been comprehensively updated since its introduction in 1975.
- Independent law reform bodies in B.C. recommended reform in 1990 and again in 2002.
- Individuals and organizations had been calling for change.
- The act was out of step with limitations statutes in other provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan, Ontario and New Brunswick) that have modernized their limitations laws.
- The Uniform Law Conference of Canada put forward a model limitations statute as a suggested framework to develop a harmonized (consistent) approach to limitations law across the country.
Key changes include:
- moving from a variety of basic limitation periods, based on the type of legal action, to a single two-year basic limitation period for all civil claims. Exceptions to this are civil claims that enforce a monetary judgment, exempted claims and actions that have limitation periods set by other statutes;
- moving from a general 30-year ultimate limitation period to a single 15-year ultimate limitation period;
- changing the commencement model of the ultimate limitation period from an “accrual” model to a model in which the clock starts running based on when an “act or omission” occurred; and
- transition rules.
The resources below have been developed to help the legal community and the public transition to the new Limitation Act. They are not intended as legal advice and should not be relied upon for those purposes.
The New Limitation Act Explained
This document details the new Limitation Act. Where the section replaces, changes or carries over a section of the current Limitation Act that information is included. Each heading links to the corresponding heading in the new Limitation Act. This document can be downloaded by Part or as an entire document.
|Part 1 – Interpretation||Part 2 – Basic Limitation Period|
|Part 3 – Ultimate Limitation Period||Part 4 – Factors Affecting Limitation Periods|
|Part 5 – Suspension of Limitation Periods||Part 6 – General|
- Exposure to Liability – Effect of Transition Rules Beginning June 1, 2013
- Transition Rules Flowchart for the new Limitation Act
- Questions and Answers
- Table of Concordance
- Limitation Act
- Limitation Act (repealed)